On the 21st of December 2019 on Saturday at 31.11 PM one of the Syrian regime’s aircraft was executed. Twenty two aircraft that took off from Al-Tiffour airport at 22.11 PM, according to the air-based observatories, carried out and fired three missiles at one time in the city of Saraqeb in a popular market, killing eight people, including three people. A child, twenty-five people, including a civil defense volunteer, women and children, all civilians were injured and the bombings caused massive destruction on the city’s main streets. In addition to the shops and houses owned by civilians in the city. These attacks also led to panic among civilians, forcing them to close their shops in the market, resorting to underground cellars and fleeing into the unknown.
This attack comes after the fierce campaign launched by the Syrian government and the Russian on December 19, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which pointed to the recruitment of regime forces large military reinforcements to the eastern countryside of Ma’rat al-Numan, where there were intensive Russian raids on that area. The near target is the Damascus-Aleppo International Road.
This vicious attack led to hundreds of daily raids on residential areas and popular markets and led to the displacement of more than 220,000 civilians so far displaced towards the areas of Bab al-Hawa to the Syrian-Turkish border and most of them live in the open now. The focus is firing on Ma’rat al-Numan is to send indirect messages to parents to watch it because they will be the second target after Ma’rat al-Numan.
Suleiman Issa, executive director of The Human Rights Guardians, said that this is not the first time that the Syrian-Russian alliance has targeted popular markets that do not contain any military bases or points. The displacement of them from their villages and cities, all in a systematic and deliberate manner through targeted and unguided missiles and barrel bombs, is a war crime and a crime against humanity, and the above-mentioned deaths resulting from the attack are the result of the Syrian authorities violating their obligations under the rules of international humanitarian law. The Geneva Convention and their additional protocols that prohibits indiscriminate attacks against the civilians and consequents of unnecessary suffering. This attack violated the principle of discrimination, which is enshrined in rule one of the rules of customary international humanitarian law, which requires the parties to the conflict to distinguish between combatants and civilians.
On 6 January 2020, human rights defenders filed a complaint with the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, including calling on The Syrian authorities to stop their attacks on civilians, to open an immediate and transparent investigation into these cases and to bring those responsible to justice.
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